If you walk or run a lot, you may end up with a bruised heel, an injury that is different from plantar fasciitis. Symptoms of a bruised heel include pain in the bottom of the heel, or the calcaneus, as well as redness or purple bruising on the outside of the heel. A bruised heel can also be caused by sudden trauma to the heel, such as a hard landing from a high jump onto a hard surface. The resulting pain is from an injured fat pad and can take up to three weeks to heal, but if the bone is also injured it may take longer. Additional causes of a bruised heel include wearing flip-flops, landing on your heels when you run, running or walking on hard surfaces, and stepping on a hard stone. Factors that increase risk of heel bruising are obesity, inadequate cushioning in running shoes, overtraining, and running in bare feet. The first thing to do when you have sustained a bruised heel is to cease activity. Consider seeing a podiatrist for information about inserts for your shoes that can provide better cushioning of the heels.
Causes of Heel Pain
Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.
Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.
Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.
Why Might Heel Pain Occur?
Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.
If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Bloomington, Bedford, and Washington, IN . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.